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Frequently asked questions for hair removal

  • Laser offers the best and most effective solution to the problem of unwanted hair in a quick, safe, effective and painless manner. The harmless beam of Laser light exerts its action selectively on the root of hair, leaving the surrounding skin intact. It does not harm the skin, it does not cause any side effects and it can be applied on all areas of the body, even in large areas such as the back and the legs.

    It is the most suitable hair removal method for all skin types, even for darker or Mediterranean skin. It offers permanent results, it’s not just a temporary solution, like shaving, waxing and hair removal creams, and since only a few and quick appointments are needed, it is not time consuming and it is a cost-effective method in comparison to any other hair removal method that should be repeated for life.

  • Advanced 4th generation Lasers have been manufactured according to the theory of selective photothermolysis, which states that it is possible to selectively elimination of the target (e.g. hair follicles, melanosomes or capillaries), leaving intact the nearby normal tissue. This is achieved through the selective absorption of Laser energy from the corresponding target vehicle-chromophore (e.g. melanin, haemoglobin, water).

    When it comes to laser hair removal, laser has two targets, both of which are in the hair follicle: the bulb (at the deepest end) and the bulge (closer to the surface of the bulb). These two points guide the life cycle of hair growth, and they constitute the final and ultimate targets of Laser energy.

    To reach its target, laser’s light energy is absorbed by the primary chromophore of the hair follicle, melanin (the pigment that gives hair its colour). Once absorbed, light is converted to heat, its temperature is increased and the selective destruction of the two targets in the hair follicle is achieved. Thus, hair gradually becomes weaker, until the complete inhibition of its growth.

    Quite often 4th generation Lasers are combined, so that to ensure the perfect result in any type of hair and irrespectively of the skin tone.

  • Laser hair removal is painless. It is a non-invasive medical procedure, which is applied on the skin’s surface and, therefore, it does not cause any pain or injuries. During the treatment it is possible to feel slight discomfort, but this is instantaneous and does not last any further. In more sensitive areas of the body topical anaesthetic cream is applied so as to ensure that Laser application is perfectly tolerated.

  • The time intervals between Laser sessions vary from 4 to 10 weeks, depending on the anatomical area and the changes relating to hair growth rate, as well as on the phase of hair during the previous laser application. Gradually the time interval between the sessions becomes greater (six – eight months).

  • The number of required sessions depends on the anatomical area, hair quality and certain secondary factors, which influence the normal hair growth cycle, such as age, hormones, weight, and the use of medication, metabolism, hereditary predisposition and certain medical conditions.

  • Hair growth goes through particular repetitive cycles; only when the hair is in the active growth phase (anagen phase) it contains adequate amounts of melanin to absorb the required energy dose that destroys its hair follicle. When hairs are in the other phases of their growth, they contain too little or no melanin at all, so they cannot absorb the light energy of the Laser.

    On the day of Laser application, hair follicles being in the growth phase are destroyed, containing hair in the active growth phase. After a few weeks, many of the hairs that were in the inactive growth phase have now progressed to the active growth phase and they are ready to absorb Laser energy. Each time this procedure is repeated, hair growth is minimised until finally completely eradicated.

  • Excessive and unwanted hair is a result of hereditary predisposition, hormonal influences and the use of certain medications. In women, it is influenced by normal biological changes they experience during adolescence, pregnancy, menopause and when they grow older. In any of these time periods of their life, increased hair growth may be observed in areas of the body that used to have no hair or in areas that used to have really minor or moderate problem with unwanted hair. Other factors that may influence hair growth are related to the use of certain medical products, stress, obesity and eating disorders (e.g., anorexia nervosa).

    More serious causes of disturbed hair growth may be related to the function of the ovaries (such as the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), as well as with the endocrine system and/or the thyroid. In such cases, the underlying cause of unwanted hair growth should be treated medically, so that to allow Laser hair removal to offer optimal results.

  • Hypertrichosis, apart from a significant aesthetic problem, is one of the most reliable cutaneous markers of the polycystic ovary symptom (PCOS). According to the results of a recent study, in which the data from 401 women were assessed, it was found that women with a diagnosis of PCOS were significantly more likely to have hypertrichosis as compared to women without a diagnosis of PCOS (Journal of the American Medical Association; December, 2015). The researchers highlight the importance of a complete dermatological examination for an accurate diagnosis. Laser hair removal can help in the effective treatment of even very difficult cases of hypertrichosis.

  • On the day of application it is essential to have hairs that have grown for at least 1-2 days. Otherwise it is difficult to determine accurately hair quality and quantity. This also implies that you should not use any other hair removal methods during the period of 4-6 weeks before each laser application session.

  • When it comes to darker or tanned skin, either because it is the natural skin tone or due to sunbathing or solarium, respectively, Laser should be applied more carefully. To ensure that the application is performed carefully, while the procedure is both safe and effective, we suggest avoiding sun exposure and/or solarium before and during Laser treatment sessions are being performed. Treatment cannot be performed on recently tanned skin.

  • The absolute contraindications of Laser hair removal include the following: tanned skin due to recent sun exposure, use of photosensitising drugs, photosensitivity in the wavelength being used, etc. The relative contraindications include the following, among others: history of keloids, pregnancy, and recent use of retinoids. Before the application, it is important to examine for the possible presence of nevi (moles), folliculitis, vascular or skin lesions, infections and/or sexually transmitted diseases.

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Dr. Tzermias - 20 years of contribution